United States: Sports Wagering: 2019 State-By-State Guide

Last Updated: April 26 2019
Article by Randolf A. DelFranco and Kayla N. Gebeck

Randolph DelFranco is a Partner in Holland & Knight's New York office
Kayla Gebeck is a Senior Public Affairs Advisor in Holland & Knight's Washington D.C. office

In 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Murphy v. National Collegiate Athletic Association allowed Congress to regulate sports wagering directly. If Congress fails to act, the authority to regulate sports wagering is delegated to the states. In the absence of federal congressional action, most states have introduced, and some have passed, legislation that legalizes sports wagering within their borders. A handful of states have introduced legislation directly impacts tribal governments who already possess gaming compacts with the state.

Map of Sports Wagering State-by-State

Sports Wagering Legalized and/or Operational

* Tribal Government Operation of Sports Wagering
+ Regulations Acknowledge Tribal Government Operation of Sports Wagering

State Status
Arkansas In November 2018, Arkansas passed a constitutional amendment (Issue 4) to legalize sports wagering at four sites in the state. Gaming activity is regulated by the Arkansas Racing Commission.
Delaware In June 2018, Delaware legalized full-scale sports wagering at all three casinos in the state. Gaming activity is regulated by the Delaware State Lottery Office.
Mississippi* In 2017, Mississippi legalized sports wagering (HB 967). In June 2018, the Mississippi Gaming Commission adopted regulations regarding sports wagering and licensed gaming operators can now apply for a license to offer sports wagering. The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians was the first tribe to open sports wagering operations. In 2019, the Mississippi state legislature introduced HB 1481/SB 2667 to legalize online/mobile gaming. However, the measure failed.
New Jersey In 2018, New Jersey legalized sports wagering (AB 4111). The bill permits both in-person and online sports wagering. Gaming is regulated by the New Jersey Division of Gaming Enforcement.
New Mexico* New Mexico has not officially passed legislation legalizing sports wagering. However, the Santa Ana Star Casino & Hotel, owned and operated by the Pueblo of Santa Ana, is currently the only New Mexico casino with sports betting pursuant the state-tribal Class III gaming compact, which authorizes sport betting. In 2019, the New Mexico state legislature introduced H 441, to prohibit video lottery games, mobile phone games, and any type of sports betting or betting on other real events, among other priorities.
New York In June 2013, New York legalized sports wagering was permitted at four casinos (SB S5883). In 2019, the New York State Gaming Commission approved sports wagering rules for four casinos, but has not completed regulations on mobile betting. The New York state legislature also introduced four bills relating to sports wagering: AB A6113, SB S17, relating to regulation of sports betting and mobile sports wagering in New York; AB A1339, to establish the legislative task force on online sports betting, and AB A3294, to establish a task force on mobile sports wagering for the purpose of conducting certain hearings regarding mobile sports wagering and reporting its finding to the governor and the legislature.
Nevada Sports wagering has long been legal in Nevada as the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (28 U.S.C. Ch. 178 § 3701 et seq.) contained an exception for the state.
Pennsylvania In 2017, Pennsylvania legalized sports betting (HB 271) in anticipation of the Supreme Court ruling. The act permits both in-person and online sports wagering. Gaming is regulated by the Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board.
Rhode Island+ In 2018, Rhode Island legalized sports wagering in two casinos – Twin Rivers casinos in Lincoln and Tiverton – as a part of its 2019 budget process (S7200A). The legislation acknowledges that under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, Class III gaming includes sports wagering. In 2019, the Rhode Island state legislature introduced S 37, to authorize and provide for online sports wagering through authorized hosting facilities in Rhode Island. The bill has passed both the House and Senate. The bill passed the Senate and is awaiting consideration in the House.
West Virginia In March 2018, West Virginia legalized sports wagering (SB 415) in anticipation of the Supreme Court ruling. The act permits both in-person and online sports wagering. In July 2018, the West Virginia Lottery Commission adopted regulations regarding sports wagering in the state.

Sports Wagering Illegal, But Legislation Introduced to Legalize

*Legislation Acknowledges Tribal Government Operation of Sports Wagering

State Status
Arizona* In 2019, the Arizona state legislature introduced SB 1158, to allow the state's gaming tribes to offer land-based sports betting within their casinos. After SB 1158 stalled in the Commerce Committee, SB 1163 was introduced to offer tribal governments full exclusivity to offer sports wagering on and off-Reservation and encourages tribes to partner with private and commercial outlets. Arizona currently has 16 federally- recognized tribes which operate a total of 24 gambling facilities across the state. The Arizona Department of Gaming will oversee the industry.
California* A proposed constitutional amendment will be on the November 2020 ballot to authorize the California state legislature to legalize sports wagering (California Sports Wagering Initiative, No. 18-0003). The petition authorizes sports wagering on tribal lands and prohibits the Governor from approving gaming on newly acquired off-Reservation tribal lands and negotiating gaming compacts with non-federally recognized tribes.
Connecticut In 2019, the State Legislature introduced S 665, to establish competitive sports wagering on certain sporting events; and S 17, to authorize sports wagering, internet gaming, and internet keno. To date, debates over tribal exclusivity to operate sports wagering have not been resolved.
Hawaii In 2019, the State Legislature introduced H 1107, to create the Hawaii Sports Wagering Corporation. The new agency will regulate and operate the Hawaiian sports betting industry.
Illinois In 2019, the State Legislature introduced S 176, the Sports Wagering Act, to legalize sports wagering.
Indiana In 2019, the State Legislature introduced three bills: H 1363/S 439/S 552, to authorize sports wagering at riverboats, racinos, and satellite facilities.
Iowa In 2019, the State Legislature introduced 8 bills to legalize sports betting: H 101, H 102, H 103, H 124, H 198, S 1079, S 1080, S 1081, S 1100, and S 1168. S. 1168 passed the Senate and H 198 has passed out of the subcommittee and is now before the House State Government committee.
Kansas* In 2019, the State Legislature introduced 3 bills to legalize sports betting: HB 2032, to require that sports gaming be operated and managed solely by racetrack gaming facilities; and HB 2068/S 23, to create the Kansas sports wagering act. HB 2068/S 23 acknowledges the authority of Kansas tribes to operate sports wagering as a prospective lottery gaming facility manager.
Kentucky In 2019, the State Legislature introduced 5 bills to legalize sports betting: HB 12, to institute a sports wagering system by the Kentucky Lottery Corporation; HB 171, to remove games in which the winners are determined by the outcome of a sports contest from the list of games that the Kentucky Lottery Corporation is prohibited from approving or operating; HB 175, to establish a wagering administration to conduct an annual audit of fantasy contest registrants, and more; HB 190, to describe the duties of the county clerk and sheriff in casino gaming local option election, establish initial licensing fees, and more; and S 23, to establish the Kentucky Gaming Commission, and more.
Louisiana Legislators are expected to take up legislation in April 2019 to legalize sports wagering. However, no bill has been introduced as of yet. In 2018, the Louisiana state legislation introduced SB 266, to legalize sports betting Harrah's casino in New Orleans and at each of the state's 15 floating casinos, but the bill was opposed by the Senate Finance Committee by a vote of 6-3.
Maine In 2019, the State Legislature introduced SB 553, to ensure proper oversight of sports betting in the state.
Maryland In 2019, the State Legislature introduced H 1132, to expand the state lottery program to include sports betting.
Massachusetts In 2019, the State Legislature introduced 6 bills: HD 2628, HD 2629, SD 903, SD 1110, H 68, S 882, relating to sports wagering, economic development, and emerging technologies.
Michigan During the State Legislature's 2018 lame-duck session, Michigan lawmakers passed HB 4926, which brings the state closer to legalizing sports wagering. The bill authorizes online wagers on any amateur or professional sporting event but not in-person betting. It is expected that it will take at least one year for the newly establish the Division of Internet Gaming within Michigan's Gaming Control Board. Under the bill, the Gaming Control Board would be responsible for issuing internet gaming licenses which would allow casinos to receive wagers online, including sports wagers, if the Gaming Control Board legalizes sports betting.
Minnesota* In 2019, the State Legislature introduced the Safe and Regulated Sports Gambling Act of 2019 to authorize sports wagering exclusively in tribal casinos. The bill establishes a five-member Minnesota Sports Wagering Commission to promulgate rules and regulations. Although the bill passed out of Committee in the Senate, the bill is expected to die because of tribal government opposition to the measure.
Missouri In 2019, the State Legislature introduced 7 bills related to sports wagering: HB 119, to enact 14 new provisions relating to sports wagering; HB 859, to enact 14 new provisions relating to sports wagering on sporting events on excursion gambling boats; SB 44, to modify several provisions relating to sports wagering on certain games; SB 187, to modify provisions relating to gaming and reducing the top income tax rate; SB 195, to allow sports wagering and sports lottery games; SB 222, to authorize sports wagering; and SB 327, to modify several provisions relating to gaming, the Missouri Video Lottery Control Act.
Montana In 2019, the State Legislature introduced 2 bills related to sports wagering: HB 475, to allow parimutuel sports betting under the board of horseracing; and SB 25, to generally revise gambling laws.
North Carolina* In 2019, the State Legislature introduced SB 154, to enable wagering on sporting events on tribal lands in accordance with the federal Indian Gaming Regulatory Act.
North Dakota In 2019, the State Legislature introduced two bills: H 1254 and H 1295, to authorize sports betting.
New Hampshire In 2019, the State Legislature introduced 2 bills: H 480, to establish a system within the lottery commission for sports betting; and S 310, an act relative to casino gambling.
Ohio In 2019, the State Legislature introduced S 316, to legalize sports betting.
Oklahoma* In 2018, a bill legalizing the inclusion of sports wagering in existing compacts between tribes and the state was introduced to the State Legislature (HB 3375). The wording relating to sports wagering was later removed from the bill. No bills have been introduced in 2019.
Oregon In 1989, Oregon allowed some forms of sports wagering (HB 3262) by giving the Oregon State Lottery Commission authority to operate games allowing the public to bet on the outcome of NFL football games (1989) and later on Scoreboard, a game based on the outcome of professional football (2003). Because the state permitted sports pools before the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act was enacted, the state was exempted from the Act. However, in 2005 the Oregon legislature passed a bill (HB 3466) that banned such sports wagering effective as of July 1, 2007.
In 2019, the Oregon state legislature introduced H 2288, which requires a percentage of net lottery proceeds from sports betting be applied against unfunded actuarial liability of Public Employees Retirement System.
South Carolina In 2019, the State Legislature introduced 3 bills: H 3409/S 57, a joint resolution proposing an amendment to the constitution of South Carolina to legalize sports betting; and S 71, a joint resolution to create the gambling study committee.
South Dakota In 2019, the State Legislature introduce SJR 2, a joint resolution proposing a constitutional amendment to authorize sports betting.
Tennessee In 2019, the State Legislature introduced 4 bills: H 1/S 16, the Tennessee Sports Gaming Act; and H 666/S 1055, relating to sports wagering.
Texas In 2019, the State Legislature introduced H 1275, to regulate sports betting.
Vermont In 2019, the State Legislature introduced S 59, to create the Sports Betting Study Commission.
Virginia In 2019, the State Legislature introduced 8 bills including H 1638, to legalize sports betting, H 1890, relating to the regulation of casino gaming by the Virginia Lottery Board; H 2210; and H 2321, to establish the Gaming Study Commission; along with several additional bills (H 2536; S 1126; S 1238; S 1356).
Washington* Sports wagering is illegal in the state of Washington, with the narrow exception for "100-square sports pool boards." In 2019, the State Legislature introduced two bills H 1975, to authorize sport wagering subject to the terms of tribal-state gaming compacts and H 1992
Washington, D.C. In December 2018, the DC City Council enacted the Sports Wagering Lotter Amendment Act of 2018 (B22-0944). Although the Mayor signed the bill into law, it must go to Congress for a review period.

Sports Wagering Illegal, No Current Legislative Effort to Legalize

Alabama, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Nebraska, Utah, Wisconsin and Wyoming Sports wagering is illegal under state law and there is currently no proposed legislation to legalize it in these states. Although these states have not legalized sports wagering, tribes with Class III gaming compacts that do not exclude sports wagering may consider implementing sports wagering at their casinos.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Klein Moynihan Turco LLP
In association with
Related Topics
Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Klein Moynihan Turco LLP
Related Articles
Related Video
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Mondaq Free Registration
Gain access to Mondaq global archive of over 375,000 articles covering 200 countries with a personalised News Alert and automatic login on this device.
Mondaq News Alert (some suggested topics and region)
Select Topics
Registration (please scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of www.mondaq.com

To Use Mondaq.com you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions