On November 9, 2018, Serbia's National Assembly enacted a new data protection law. The Personal Data Protection Law, which becomes effective on August 21, 2019, is modeled after the EU General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR").
As reported by Karanovic & Partners, key features of the new Serbian law include:
- Scope – the Personal Data Protection Law applies not only to data controllers and processors in Serbia but also those outside of Serbia who process the personal data of Serbian citizens.
- Database registration – the Personal Data Protection Law eliminates the previous requirement for data controllers to register personal databases with the Serbian data protection authority ("DPA"), though they will be required to appoint a data protection officer ("DPO") to communicate with the DPA on data protection issues.
- Data subject rights – the new law expands the rights of data subjects to access their personal data, gives subjects the right of data portability, and imposes additional burdens on data controllers when a data subject requests the deletion of their personal data.
- Consent – the Personal Data Protection Law introduces new forms of valid consent for data processing (including oral and electronic) and clarifies that the consent must be unambiguous and informed. The prior Serbian data protection law only recognized handwritten consents as valid.
- Data security – the new law requires data controllers to implement and maintain safeguards designed to ensure the security of personal data.
- Privacy by Design – the new law obligates data controllers to implement privacy by design when developing new products and services and to conduct data protection impact assessments for certain types of data processing.
- Data transfers – the Personal Data Protection Law expands the ways in which personal data may be legally transferred from Serbia. Previously, data controllers were required to obtain the approval of the Serbian DPA for any transfers of personal data to non-EU countries. The new law permits personal data transfers based on standard contractual clauses and binding corporate rules approved by the Serbian DPA. Organizations can also transfer personal data to countries deemed to provide an adequate level of data protection by the EU or the Serbian DPA or when the data subject consents to the transfer.
- Data breaches – like the GDPR, the new law requires data controllers to notify the Serbian DPA within 72 hours of a data breach and will require them to notify individuals if the data breach is likely to result in a high risk to the rights and freedoms of individuals. Data processors must also notify the relevant data controllers in the event of a data breach.
The new law also imposes penalties for noncompliance, but these are significantly lower than those contained in the GDPR. The maximum fines in the new Serbian law are only 17,000 Euros, while the maximum fines in the GDPR can reach up to 20 million Euros or 4% of an organization's annual global turnover.
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