This report includes an introduction to petroleum fiscal regimes and a classification of the main contracts, concessionary systems, sharing agreements and service agreements.
Highlights from the study include:
- An introduction to Upstream Financing Instruments
- Financing instruments characterizing the Oil & Gas sector including Reserve Based Lending (RBL) and Volumetric Production Payments (VPPS) and financing mechanisms with "carry" between the partners involved in E&P contracts.
- General financing instruments including equity financing bond issuances, mezzanine financing with equity participation and Islamic finance
- An overview of the advantages and disadvantages of financial tools in an E&P company
The Duff & Phelps Oil & Gas group possesses a unique set of capabilities derived from our professionals' prior experience as management consultants, investment bankers and engineers. We translate such former experience into a deep understanding of the values and drivers of the global industry, particularly National Oil Companies. Our team leverages its long-lasting relationships across industry players to create tailor-made solutions in complex situations for our clients.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.