Italy: Pedestrian Accident Injuries In Italy

Last Updated: 11 July 2019
Article by Arnone & Sicomo
Most Read Contributor in Italy, August 2019

Pedestrian accident injuries in Italy: what the motorist risks?

When talking about "pedestrian accident", first of all you must know the configurable hypotheses of crime regarding the motorist, that is, what are the consequences when the driver of the car hits a person.

In light of the new features introduced, the attributable crimes are as follows:

  • traffic murder, introduced by Law No.41/2016 and regulated by the provisions of Article 589 bis of Criminal Code.

More in detail, anyone who causes the death of a person through fault (negligence, imprudence or inexperience), due to a conduct held in violation of the traffic code, responds to the crime of traffic murder.

The traffic murder is punished with imprisonment from 2 to 7 years.

The penalty is increased to from 3 to 10 years in the case of drink-driving or driving under the influence of drugs;

  • serious and very serious personal injuries in traffic, which with the Law No.41/2016 have become an independent figure of crime, thus leaving their previous nature of aggravating personal injuries by negligence (Article 590 c.p.).

Their regulations are in Article 590 bis c.p., which provides a sentence of imprisonment from 3 months to 1 year for anyone who causes serious injuries to a person, following a violation of the traffic code.

The imprisonment is from 1 to 3 years if the personal injuries are very serious.

The penalty for running over a pedestrian may worsen in the following cases:

  • drink-driving (imprisonment from 5 to 10 years);
  • driving under the influence of drugs or psychotropic substances;
  • driving at a speed equal to or greater than twice that permitted, or on extra-urban roads at a speed of at least 50 km/h higher than the maximum speed envisaged;
  • crossing an intersection with a red traffic light or in the wrong way;
  • reversal maneuver in proximity/correspondence of intersections, curves or bumps, or after overtaking another vehicle at a pedestrian crossing, or on continuous line.

Further aggravations of penalty are envisaged for cases of severe drunkenness and psychophysical alteration from drugs, or in case of those who professionally carry out the activity of transporting people or things, or for driving without the license or compulsory insurance coverage for the RCA (Civil Responsibility Insurance), or for escaping from responsibility.

It should be noted that according to a recent ruling by the Supreme Court (judgment No.27513/2017) the driver who runs over a pedestrian outside the strips, even in cases where the latter has crossed the road imprudently, responds to the crime of personal injuries by negligence. This is due to the fact that under optimal conditions for driving, such as on roads well-lighted, straight or in the town centre, the pedestrian's road crossing, although sudden, is considered a typical and predictable risk for the driver, which requires him to pay attention and to do everything possible to avoid the event.

Pedestrian accident injuries: the compensation for damages

The pedestrian accident injuries fall within the typical hypothesis of damaging events derived from road traffic without collision between vehicles, for which the "presumption" is applied by the art. 2054, paragraph 1, of the Italian Civil Code, according to which the driver of a vehicle is obliged to compensate the damage caused to things or people if he/she cannot prove to have done everything possible to avoid it.

The behavioural charges for the motorist, according to the prevailing case-law, are:

  • inspect the road;
  • maintain constant vehicle control, in relation to road and traffic conditions;
  • foresee all the situations that by common experience are configurable.

The driver has only one way to avoid being recognized the criminal and civil liability, namely to prove the unpredictability and inevitability of the event, in compliance with all the rules of caution imposed by law and the concrete situation.

Pedestrian accident injuries: what happens in case of failure to rescue?

In the case of a traffic accident or a pedestrian's being running over, the driver involved has the obligation to stop, whether he is responsible for the accident or not, in order to provide the necessary assistance or simply to make himself available to the police for the surveys to be carried out and/or for the identification of the people involved in the traffic accident.

The non-fulfillment of this obligation, as per Article 189 C.d.S., results in the completion of the crime of failure to rescue, which is punished with imprisonment and with the administrative sanction of the suspension of the license.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Related Topics
Related Articles
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Mondaq Free Registration
Gain access to Mondaq global archive of over 375,000 articles covering 200 countries with a personalised News Alert and automatic login on this device.
Mondaq News Alert (some suggested topics and region)
Select Topics
Registration (please scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of

To Use you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions