On November 10, 2015 the Council of the European Union adopted a
directive on the repeal of the EU Savings Directive. The directive
provides for a repeal of the EU Savings Directive from January 1,
2016 onwards. In the case of Austria, a transitional arrangement
applies stating that the EU Savings Directive will be repealed in
this country with effect from January 1, 2017 only. However,
specific administrative requirements will remain unaffected, such
as the reporting and exchange of information duties, as well as
obligations on withholding taxes regarding payments made prior to
these dates. The adopted directive states that the Member States
are not obliged to apply the new requirements which would have
resulted from the latest Amending Directive of March 24, 2014. The
repeal of the EU Savings Directive became necessary following
reinforced measures to combat tax evasion both on international and
EU level. This caused considerable overlaps which are to be removed
by repealing the EU Savings Directive.
Starting in 2005, the EU Savings Directive has allowed the fiscal authorities of the Member States better access to information on private savers; in Germany, the directive was implemented by the Interest Disclosure Act (Zinsinformationsverordnung (ZIV)). The EU Savings Directive obliges the Member States to transmit to another Member State details of payments of interest (or similar income) paid by a person within their jurisdiction to an individual resident in that other Member State or to certain other types of entities established in that other Member State. During a transition period, Austria was allowed to withhold taxes on such payments. Analogous rules apply in some Non-EU states, such as Liechtenstein and Switzerland.
On March 24, 2014 the Council of the European Union adopted a directive amending the EU Savings Directive which would have had to be implemented by the Member States into national law and would have had to be applied as of January 1, 2017. Among other things this Amending Directive provided for a broadened definition of the term interest and an extended application area of the EU Savings Directive to other, generally equivalent types of savings income (for instance, savings income from investment funds and life insurance contracts). Moreover, the fiscal authorities, by using a "look-through" approach, were supposed to take measures to identify those benefitting from interest payments.
The repeal of the EU Savings Directive has now made the implementation of the Amending Directive obsolete.
In December 2014, the Council of the European Union adopted Directive 2014/107/EU which provides an extension of Directive 2011/16/EU on administrative cooperation in the field of taxation ("EU Mutual Assistance Directive"). The amended Mutual Assistance Directive implements a standard for the exchange of information developed by the OECD; it will enter into force on January 1, 2016. It provides for an enhanced exchange of information on interest, dividends, and other types of income. Using the data of 2016, the Member States, as of September 30, 2017, will exchange potentially tax-relevant information on the financial accounts held by persons in another state than the respective state of residence. Existing agreements between the EU and Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino, and Switzerland which are based on the EU Savings Directive are currently adapted to the new standard.
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